How Search Algorithms Work: Everything You Should Know

Nishi Agrawal
6 min readApr 5, 2021

Very often we find ourselves digging about specific strategies to perform activities on the Internet. Most of us are always looking for answers to questions like these:

How do I write a compelling copy that would rank on the search engine result pages? What type of structured data wins easy rankings? How do I quickly index my content on the search engine?

Always remember, answers to such questions depend on several factors. We have tried to uncover the importance of Google search algorithms in this blog. Let’s first drive into what exactly a search algorithm is and how it works.

Google’s search algorithms are complex systems that are used to retrieve all the data from its search index and instantly deliver the best possible results for a search query. The search engines use a combination of several tracking signals and algorithms to deliver web pages ranked by relevance on the search engine results pages. When we think of Google’s algorithms, we are referring to a huge collection of algorithms and formulae that are set to fulfil the specific function of placing the relevant query results.

Google makes thousands of changes in its algorithms every year and most of these changes are so slight that they always go unnoticed. Optimising the websites and content first without knowing how search engines function can be the acute turn that might determine the amount of traffic on your website or content. This is where algorithms are important. Algorithms are a set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations that are closely related to the search queries and search results on the SERPs.

Several key aspects determine the results for your search queries. Let us discuss them one by one.

Factors That Determine Your Search Query Results

Meaning Of The Query

The meaning of the query should be understandable and identifiable. The intention behind using those search terms should be clear in regards to your search query as an understandable intent is a critical aspect. There are language models to decipher the strings or search terms you must look up in the index.

This includes a few steps as simple as interpreting spelling mistakes and extends to understanding the type of query you have entered through some research on the natural language understanding approaches. You can either use synonyms and related words to be as close to the search query. Search algorithms also try to decipher what category of information you are looking for. These engines also try to understand the specific information behind the search. Another important feature of the search query that the search engines look for is to analyse whether the query seeks fresh content. If your query is full of trending words, the search engine will find out up-dated information and display it accordingly.

The meaning of the query along with its search intent is very important for search engines to display the relevant information. So every time you enter a query in the search bar, it gets processed, and the search engine finds the relevant information according to the meaning of terms used and their intention.

Relevance Of Your Web pages

The relevance of the web pages is the second important thing that the search algorithms look for to fetch information according to the query. Search algorithms analyse the content of web pages to qualify the pages for relevant information to what you are looking for.

If the web page contains the same keywords as your search query, then the information is relevant. It is even better if those keywords appear in the headings or body of the content. This makes the information more relevant. The search algorithms use aggregated and anonymous data to assess whether the search results are relevant to queries.

This data is then converted into signals that help the machine learning system to analyse the best match of the keywords with the web page content. With the help of machine learning systems, search algorithms look for this type of qualified signals to assess the relevance.

Quality Of The Content

Search engines not only match words in your query with the relevant content on the Internet, but they also aim to prioritise the query with the most reliable sources available. To achieve this, the systems are designed to identify the signals that can help to determine which particular web pages depict expertise and relevance for a particular search query.

The Google search algorithms analyse the Internet for websites that have value for similar queries. Aggregated feedback from the search quality evaluation process is used to further refine how the systems determine the quality of information on these web pages.

Spam algorithms play a very important role in establishing the quality of the page and help the search engine. Google’s webmaster outlines the techniques that characterise the low-quality spam sites, including the links that pass the Page Rank or revealing the invisible text onto the web page.

Versatility & Usefulness of The Web pages

When ranking, the Google search algorithms also determine whether the web pages are easy to find and use. The search algorithms work on identifying the user pain points and also search for more versatile web pages that are easy to use. These algorithms analyse the signals that indicate whether the user can view the result and if the website appears the same in different browsers. Apart from that, these algorithms also determine whether the web page is defined for different devices including desktops, smartphones, and tablets. Additionally, these also analyse the web pages that take much longer to load for users with a slower internet connection.

As the website owners can improve the versatility of their website, one of the important tasks of the search algorithms is to inform the website owners regarding the actionable changes in the search mechanisms and updates. There are several help files and guidelines for viewing the significant changes in algorithms. One can search the same on the Internet and go through tools such as Page Speed Insights and The versatility and usefulness of the web pages help the website owners in adjusting their sites to make them more mobile-friendly.

Conditions & Settings

Data such as your location, search history, and search settings are some aspects that help the search algorithms to tailor your results and display the web content that carries the most relevant data according to your search queries. The search algorithms also use your geographical location to deliver the relevant content to your location.

We use your country and location to deliver content relevant to your area. The search settings are very important aspects that determine which search results you are likely to be useful and relevant to. Safe Search is an intelligent tool that filters out the explicit and irrelevant results.

In many instances, the Google search algorithms may personalise your search results using the information about your recent search history. Google algorithms use several conditions to help you with your search query. Sometimes, the search query may include some features that personalise the results based on the activity in your Google account. Your Google account contains your interests and the algorithms may use that data to display the relevant information.

Wrapping Up

You might have come across these questions: How can I get better rankings for my content on the search engine result pages? How does Google ranking system work? Many businesses search for loopholes in the search algorithms to rank their content with ease. Recent studies have shown that the key to getting better search rankings, in the long run, is to create content that delivers the best information for a particular search query. Your content should contain not only the target keywords but also deliver an excellent user experience.

Down the road, the Google ranking system is made of an entire series of algorithms. a whole series of algorithms. To help you find the information you are looking for, Google search algorithms consider several factors including your query, content, the intent of your query, relevant web pages, the expertise of the content, and your location settings. The Search algorithms consider many factors, such as the words of your query, relevance, the usability of pages, the expertise of sources, and your location and settings. The Google search algorithms work on complex aspects and you must focus on creating content for the users and not for the search engines.



Nishi Agrawal

Management Student, Digital Marketing Enthusiastic Interested in Web Security and Internet topics. Young Mind with creative thinking capabilities.